Baseline Study on “Current State of Forest Coffee Products and Forest Coffee Trade of P4F Ethiopia Wild Coffee-Supply Chain Project in Oromia and SNNPR
The coffee sector as part of agriculture in Ethiopia plays a key role in the economy contributing 5% of GDP and 30% of the export earnings. It also plays a crucial environmental role as most of Ethiopia’s coffees grows under tree shade. An estimated 45% of the country’s total coffee production comes from the forest and semi forest coffee, some of which contain Ethiopian’s last remaining old-growth forests. The potential of the sector, however, is not fully tapped with forest coffee due to variable quality and lack of traceability. Owing to inconsistent quality, the coffee has been largely sold at a discount as commercial-grade coffee and is falling short of its capacity.

GIZ in partnership with Partnerships for Forests (P4F), Ethiopian Coffee & Tea Authority have been implementing DFID funded Ethiopian Forest Coffee Project to incentivize the conservation of forests by developing an improved supply chain and a premium brand for Ethiopia Forest Coffee in a way not only to generate much needed economic development but also help protect the forests. This project was under implementation in 18 Woredas of five zones of Oromia and SNNPR (Bale and Illuababor zones of Oromia and Bench Maji, Kaffa, and Sheka zones of SNNPR).

The baseline study aims to provide GIZ with an appropriate and in-depth understanding of the socio-economic and livelihood conditions of rural households whose livelihoods depend predominantly upon coffee-based income., With an in-depth understanding of the forest coffee value chain, this baseline assessment intended to develop an evidence base from which to assess the future progress and scale-up of the project.The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA), Participatory Forest Management (PFM), and the Sustainable Food Value Chain Framework (SFVCF) conceptual frameworks were adapted and employed quantitative and qualitative methodologies in a consultative and collaborative manner with key target groups of the project at all levels of data collection. The primary data was generated using Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) from 393 households, 24 Focus Group Discussions, 47 Key Informant Interviews, four Stakeholder Analysis, four Market Mapping, and Field Observation (FO) in four Woreda and eight Kebeles.